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How to Read Sheet Music: A Step-by-Step Guide


Anyone who is interested in learning music, whether as a side interest or as a calling, has to know how to pursue sheet music. In any case, it very well may be very scary to learn it. Fortunately, there are certain methods of doing so without any problem. Here, we will be going through the advantages of perusing sheet music, simple steps to kick you off, and tips on how you can enhance your journey.

How to read sheet music?

There are a lot of reasons why you ought to, at minimum, attempt to figure out how to peruse printed music. First, information about printed music lets you see everything about the need to play a piece impeccably. It also allows you to accomplish a more profound comprehension of the kind of music you are keen on.

  • Essential music perusing incorporates knowing what the main music images are. To advance through your illustrations, you want to get what clefs, staffs, and notes are for.

  • Music Symbols: The Staff

  • A pleasant staff has 5 lines and 4 spaces. Every one of these lines and spaces addresses a letter which, thus, addresses a note. Frequently, you will see an upward line that isolates the staff into a few portions all through a piece. This line is known as a bar. The space between each bar is known as a measure.

  • Music Symbols: The Clefs

  • There are two clefs ordinarily utilized recorded as hard copy music: the bass and high pitch clefs. The high pitch clef is utilized for sharp-sounding music. The image for this clef resembles an extravagantly composed letter G. Instruments played in a high pitch like woodwinds, saxophones, and violins are composed with the high pitch clef. As a console player, you will utilize both the high pitch clef and the bass clef. The higher notes of a piece played on the piano are written in the high pitch clef. A simple method for recollecting the notes on a high pitch clef is utilizing mental helpers. For the notes put on the line specifically E, G, B, D, F, we utilize the expression "Each Good Boy Does Fine". The notes in the spaces are simpler. Being the notes F, A, C, and E, we read it as "FACE".

  • Then, we will become familiar with a piece about the bass clef. The bass clef, otherwise called the F-Clef, is regularly used to compose music with a lower pitch. For individuals who play the bass, bassoon, or cello, their music is written in the bass clef. The bass clef is likewise present in piano music. It is where the lower notes on the piano, regularly played by the left hand, are composed. The memory aid we use for the notes on the lines G, B, D, F, and A for the bass clef is "Great Boys Do Fine Always". Then again, for the notes on the spaces, to be specific, A, C, E, and G are "All Cows Eat Grass".

  • Music Symbols: The Notes

Notes are the images put on the staff to let us know which keys to play and how long we should play them. The notes have three sections: the head, the stem, and the flag.

  • The stem of the note can expand vertically or downwards. Its only intention is to make a note simpler to peruse. Whether the note stem face up or down doesn't influence your playing. It is there to keep the music sheet flawless. Any note on or over the B-line should have stems pointing downwards when in doubt. Then again, take note that beneath the B line should have stems pointing upwards.

  • The Head

The top of the note can be filled in with dark or white. The top of a note is to let you know how lengthy the supported span of the note is. Notes are frequently drawn with their line across the head. These lines are called record lines and are utilized to demonstrate when you are playing a note away from the staff.

  • The Flag

To wrap things up, we have the note flag. The flag of a note is generally connected toward the finish of the stem. Like the head, the flag shows the length of a note. Notwithstanding, this situation, the flag demonstrates how short the length of the note ought to be.

  • Prior, we referenced that the top of the note can either be loaded up with dark or void. We will talk about what it implies when a note head is filled and what it implies when it is vacant. Regardless of whether a note is filled shows us the worth of a note. The value of a note lets us know how long a note should be maintained. Investigate the picture above. As may be obvious, a quarter note is equivalent to 1 beat. This implies that a half note is equal to 2 beats, and an entire note is equivalent to 4.

  • The purpose of a spot alongside a note is to expand it by half of its term. For instance, a dabbed half note has a length of a half note and a quarter note. A dabbed entire note has the size of one complete note and a half note. Ties are bent lines above or beneath the staff connecting one note head to another. Like the dab, the motivation behind a connection is to broaden the note also. Be that as it may, a tie is utilized to expand a note between measures. It is there to connote that a note should be held even while moving to the following measure.

  • Flags are one more method for changing the term of a note. However, the flag is utilized to abbreviate its span for this situation rather than extend it. Each banner implies a large portion of the span of a quarter note. A quarter note with one flag is called an eight-note, and the length it ought to be played is a large portion of a beat. A quarter note with two banners, then again, is known as the sixteenth note with the span of ¼ of a beat of a quarter note.

  • Beaming is a method for making the music sheet less jumbled. Assuming that you take a look at the pictures above, they are both perused the same way. It is just an issue of interfacing the flags.

  • Here are the various kinds of notes. As may be obvious, they all look genuinely comparable. The main distinction is recognizable on the head regardless of whether the note has a flag. In this way, you may be wondering what happens when there is no note to be played. For this situation, we take a rest. Rest is an image utilized in sheet music that shows an absence of sound. Contingent upon the image, the span of a rest endures from ¼ of a beat to 4 beats.

  • Reading Music 2: The Beat

  • Since it has become so obvious about the various images that you will experience while figuring out how to understand music, we can now begin concentrating on the beat. To play music, you want to track down its beat and rhythm. To do as such, you want to search for the timing scheme. A piece's timing scheme is generally found toward the start. It is introduced in a small portion. The maximum number on a time signature lets you know the number of beats in action. Then again, the base number on a timing scheme lets you know the note is an incentive for a solitary beat. The most ordinarily utilized timing schemes are the 4/4 and 3/4 timing signatures.

  • Here is an extraordinary illustration of a 4/4 timing scheme. As may be obvious, it shows 4 beats for each action and that each quarter note has one beat. Presently, you may be asking why there are just three notes rather than four on the subsequent measure. This is because your last note is a half note, implying it is supported for 2 beats rather than 1.

  • Here is an example of a 3/4 timing scheme. As may be obvious, there are just 3 beats for every action. Notwithstanding that, the worth of an entire note is as yet 4, as shown on the base number on the timing scheme. Accordingly, each quarter note's term is 1 beat.

  • Besides timing schemes and note values, you will likewise have to find out about beats so that you can peruse printed music. A piece's rhythm lets you know how quick or slow a piece is planned to be played. Rhythms are regularly estimated utilizing BPM or Beat Per Minute. Assuming the rhythm of the piece you might want to play is at 60bpm, this implies that you should play 60 quarter notes in a moment or one note each second. Then again, if your beat is 120bpm, you should play double how many notes in less than a moment or 2 notes each second.

  • You are almost headed to having the option to understand music! For our last example, let us investigate your piano keys! Assuming you look carefully, a similar example of two dark keys encompassed by 3 white keys and afterward 3 black keys surrounded by 4 white keys are continually rehashed throughout the whole keyboard. The explanation for this is on the grounds that you need to realize this 12-key example. Similar notes essentially outline again and again, simply in various octaves. The white keys on your piano are for regular notes, and the dark keys on your piano are intended for flats and sharps. The most straightforward method for realizing this is to look at a complete diagram of a standard keyboard. Whenever you have retained these keys and their comparing notes, it is a lot simpler to move into learning a few essential piano chords.


Learning to read sheet music is easy with this step-by-step guide. And learning music becomes easier with online music classes. If you are looking for music classes in Bangalore, MelaMusicSchool is one of the best online music schools for kids. They customize music lessons that best fit the needs of the learners. They offer one-on-one music lessons offline and online. You can learn music lessons from western vocal classes, Carnatic music classes to Hindustani vocals. Take the best music classes in Bangalore from MelaMusicSchool anytime, anywhere!


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