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What are the different types of Piano?

Updated: Apr 7, 2022


What are the different types of Piano

The piano is often regarded as one of the finest instruments from which to learn how to play, owing mostly to the simplicity with which notes can be located and chords can be identified.

Most students choose to practise on a keyboard when they learn piano or start off with basic piano classes, which, owing to its size and tone, differs significantly from the piano in terms of sound and playability. Because the keys aren't weighted and there aren't normally any pedals, it would be more beneficial for you to practise on a real piano if the possibility presents itself to you.

However, there are many various sorts and sizes of pianos, each with its own sound, size, and type, as well as a unique experience while being played by the player.


What Exactly Is a Piano?

Pianos are chordophones even the basic piano, which is a sort of stringed instrument. To make music, the instrument uses vibrating piano strings that pass over a soundboard located within the instrument's body. When a pianist taps a piano key, a felted hammer strikes a string, triggering the performance. This hammer stroke causes the string to vibrate, which results in the contemporary piano sound that we are all familiar with. Although the piano may be categorised as a percussion instrument due to its odd anatomy, it is classified as a piano under the Hornbostel-Sachs method of categorization, which places pianos in the chordophone category.

The piano relies on the features of previous keyboard instruments such as the harpsichord, the clavichord, and the organ to create its own unique sound. This keyboard instrument has a tone quality and dynamic range that distinguishes it from all previous keyboard instruments, and it continues to be the musical instrument of choice for classical concertos that include keyboard performance. So, when you choose to learn piano, you are learning one of the finest musical instruments with a rich history, even if you start off with a basic piano at first.


The most common varieties of pianos are as follows:

• Upright

• Grand (there are seven sizes and classes ranging in size from 4.5′ to 9′ )

• Electronic piano

• Toy pianos for children.


The piano was conceived in 1709 by harpsichord craftsman Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori in the Italian city of Milan. Gravicèmbalo con piano e forte is the name he gave it, which translates as "harpsichord with loud and gentle." In subsequent years, the term was abbreviated to "fortepiano," and then to simply "piano." The only people who could afford them for over a century were the aristocracy and monarchy, owing to the high cost of the initial versions.

The Crystal Piano, which is often regarded as the costliest piano in the world, was sold at auction for $3.22 million. In addition to having a translucent body, it was developed by Heintzman Pianos, which is located in Canada. The first time it was heard in public was at the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games, when Chinese pianist Lang Lang performed it for the audience.


Types of Pianos

1) Upright Pianos

Pianos that stand on their own are called upright pianos.

Upright pianos are one of the most popular varieties of pianos available on the market today and a good option for those who wish to learn piano on a basic piano. The upright piano, as opposed to its bigger sister, the grand piano, maybe more readily be accommodated in a person's house or structure. They are not inherently little; they are just not as massive or as broad as grand pianos in terms of size and width.

An upright piano may be placed directly next to a wall, which is practical. This lets you position the piano in a corner of a room and out of the way while still playing. These pianos are less ideal for live stage performances since the pianist will have problems viewing the audience or being seen by the audience while playing in this configuration. In this situation, the pianist's gaze would be fixed on a wall or on the piano's keyboard. These pianos are usually found in homes, schools, and churches, where they offer music for worship sessions. This is a good choice to buy as a basic piano when you want to learn piano or take piano classes near me.

The most significant distinction between an upright piano and a grand piano is that the strings and action of the upright form of this instrument are both vertical. Therefore, the piano operates in a totally different manner than a grand piano, and it will feel radically different when compared to a grand piano when played. If you have become used to playing on one without having the opportunity to experience the other, you may be surprised at how much of a difference there really is. To a large extent, you may play both in the same manner, but an upright piano will have a distinct feel to it when you touch the keyboard.

A wide variety of upright piano designs and sizes are available for purchase on the market today. Depending on their size, some may be quite little, while others will be rather tall. Most of the time, individuals choose to get upright pianos that are somewhere in the middle of the spectrum of sizes that are offered. Even though these pianos are a little more inexpensive than grand pianos, they are nonetheless quite costly equipment and may not be the best idea if you are simply starting out basic piano classes or just starting to learn piano.

2) Grand Piano

For those who are fortunate enough to own a true grand piano, it is a unique and unforgettable experience. This sort of piano is quite popular, and many people have been saving their money for years to get one. These instruments are exquisitely constructed, and their price will be commensurate with the quality of their construction. The fact that this is a luxury item does not diminish the fact that a pianist will be able to benefit from it significantly. The beautiful pianos are ideal for both live performances and composition, and any serious musician who owns one of these will be delighted with their purchase.

Grand pianos are classified into seven distinct sizes depending on their overall dimensions. While the names "grand piano" and "baby grand piano" are often used, they are really the same sort of piano with slight differences in size. The following are the various piano sizes.


Dimensions of Pianos (grand piano classifications)

In order to differentiate between the several grand pianos, the length of the piano is measured in feet and centimetres and varies from 4.5 to 9 feet. Take a look at it.

• Petit grand: 4′ 5′′ to 4′ 11′′ in height.

• Baby grand: 5′ to 5.5′ in height.

• Medium-sized grand: 5′ 6′′ to 5′ 8′′ tall

• Professional grand: 5' 9" to 6' 2" in height

• Parlor grand: 6′ 3′′ to 6′ 10′′ in height.

• Semi-concert grand: 6' 11" to 7' 8" in height

• Concert grand: 8'11" to 9'11" in height


Obviously, a grand piano is rather huge, as you would think. The fact that it will take up a large amount of room means that it will not be an option for many individuals who have limited space. In addition, the cost of this style of piano might be excessively costly for many individuals. You may also want to look into buying digital pianos especially if you are just starting to learn piano. If you are a casual piano player, this ostentatious, beautifully constructed piano may not be of interest to you in the least.

However, there are some benefits to owning a grand piano as opposed to an upright type. When you use one of these pianos, you may, for example, take advantage of the double escapement mechanism to play notes in fast succession, which is really convenient. Due to the fact that this mechanism is not integrated into an upright piano, certain musical approaches are conceivable on this instrument that would not be viable on upright versions of the same size. This is only one of the numerous reasons why individuals who like pianos choose to possess a grand piano over any other kind of piano.

Individuals who are professional musicians or who just have a strong desire to play the piano will be the most probable purchasers of this item. The music that emanates from a well built grand piano is nothing short of magnificent. It can produce some of the most emotive tones available, making the exorbitant price tag worthwhile for many.


3) Electronic Piano Pianos with electronic keyboards

Our children received an electric piano as a gift from us. They are enthralled by it. It performs well.

Even though many individuals out there do not regard digital pianos to be true pianos at all, they do play an important part in the world of piano playing. They operate in a different way than a standard piano, although they may produce a sound that is comparable. Digital pianos are often referred to as keyboards by some, yet they can reproduce the sensation and tones created by conventional pianos. Since its introduction a few years ago, digital pianos have progressed significantly, and this piano is an excellent example of a high-quality digital music instrument.

While performing on an advanced digital piano, you will get the impression that you are performing on a classic grand piano. It does an excellent job of simulating the sound of the hammers striking the keys. To make it seem as, like the real thing as possible, the keys of this piano were given a substantial amount of weight by the designers. Even though it is different from a standard piano, it is much more economical, making it an excellent choice for many people. This is the best kind of basic piano to purchase if you are just starting out to learn piano or simply looking to practise at home as you start out to learn piano.

The presence of pianos like this one facilitates the availability of pianos to the general public. Because of the accessibility of the digital piano, a greater number of individuals are able to learn to play the piano. It is reasonable to expect that manufacturers will continue to produce highly functioning digital pianos of this calibre in order to pass this instrument along to future generations. It is more accessible to the general public, and it is an excellent instrument for teaching young people how to play the game.

Some digital pianos even have the ability to communicate with smart gadgets. This gives you the ability to access certain features of the piano and to experiment with different settings. You may also record your music sessions so that you can go back to them and see how well you are doing on the instrument. There are a number of advantages to having a digital instrument such as this that you would not be able to take advantage of if you purchased a conventional instrument.


4) Children's Toy Piano

If you have children, it may be useful for you to get them one of the many toy pianos that are now available on the market. Your youngster may be interested in learning to play the piano if you have taken up the instrument. They may wish to emulate you by learning to play. Your kid has a tremendous deal of respect for you, and he or she wants to be able to believe that he or she is walking in your footsteps. It may be gratifying to see and enabling your kid to enjoy a toy piano can really assist to prepare him or her for taking piano lessons at a later stage in his or her life.

Even though most of these toy pianos do not allow for any actual playing, they may be a great deal of fun for a youngster to use. When using this specific model, your kid will be able to hear numerous different songs demoed, giving your child the impression that he or she is playing a song, even if your youngster has no idea what he or she is doing. Additionally, the toy piano is equipped with a little piano bench seat, allowing your youngster to sit down and play exactly like a genuine pianist. This is an entertaining toy that will aid in the development of your child's imagination.

Many parents who acquire these types of toys for their children discover that the youngster ultimately develops a fondness for the piano and expresses an interest in learning to play a real piano. If your kid is captivated by music but isn't quite at the correct age to begin taking lessons, then this will be a delightful gift for him or her to have in his or her collection. It isn't very large, so it won't take up a lot of space in any of the rooms in your residence. It will be a much-loved toy that will provide many hours of delight for many years to come.

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